How AIDS Can Affect Kidney Health

HIV Positive

 

Treatment is helping people with HIV live better and longer than ever before. People with HIV have a greater chance of other problems. The disease can be the medication or due to an HIV disease. In many cases, kidney disorder is treatable.

Listed below are a couple of things to understand more about the dangers of kidney disease in people with HIV.

Exactly what the kidneys do

The kidneys are the body’s filtering system. This set of organs eliminates excess fluid and toxins in the body. The fluid leaves the body. The kidneys Each have more than a million tiny filters ready to cleanse the blood of waste products.

As with other body components, the kidneys may be hurt. Injuries may result from illness, injury, or medicines. They can not perform their job If the kidneys are hurt. Poor kidney function may result in a buildup of fluids and waste products. Kidney disease can lead to swelling in the legs, swelling, muscular cramps, and confusion. In acute cases, death can be caused by it.

How HIV can harm the kidneys

Individuals who have HIV disease plus raised viral loads or very low CD4 cell (T cell) counts are more likely to have chronic kidney disease. The filters can be attacked by HIV and prevent them. This result is known as HIVAN or nephropathy.

Also, the risk of kidney disease could be greater in people who:

  • have diabetes, Higher blood pressure, or hepatitis C.
  • are older than 65 years
  • have a household member with kidney disorder
  • are African American, Native American, Hispanic American, Asian, or Pacific Islander
  • have utilized drugs that damage the kidneys for Many Years

In some instances, these extra risks can be decreased. For example management of diabetes, hypertension, or hepatitis C may reduce the possibility of developing kidney disease. HIVAN is not typical in people who have a low viral load that have T cell counts within a selection that is standard. Taking their medicine exactly might help in which they ought to be individuals with HIV maintain their viral load and T cell counts. Doing so, together with regular kidney flush, can help prevent kidney damage.

Some individuals with HIV might have no of the risk factors for lead HIV-induced kidney impairment. On the other hand, it may cause an elevated chance of kidney impairment.

Also Read: Preventing HIV And STD

Antiretroviral treatment and kidney disease

Antiretroviral treatment can be extremely good at reducing viral load, fostering T cell numbers, and preventing HIV from attacking your system. But, certain drugs may lead to kidney problems.

Medicines that may affect the liver filtration procedure comprise:

  • Tenofovir, the medication in Viread and among those drugs in the mix drugs Truvada, Atripla, Stribild, and Complera
  • Indinavir (Crixivan), atazanavir (Reyataz), along with other HIV protease inhibitors, which may crystalize Within the drainage system of the kidneys, resulting in kidney stones

Getting tested for kidney disease

Experts recommend that those who’ve tested positive for HIV also get tested for kidney disease. To do so, urine and blood tests will be likely ordered by a healthcare provider.

These tests measure the degree of protein in the urine and the degree of this waste product creatinine from the blood. The results assist the supplier to determine how well the kidneys are functioning.

Fixing HIV and kidney disorder

Kidney disease is a usually manageable complication of HIV. It is very important for those who have HIV to schedule and maintain appointments for follow-up care. Through these appointments, the supplier may discuss how best to handle health conditions to decrease the possibility of issues.