How HIV is Acquired and Transmitted?

HIV Positive

There are only limited ways on how HIV can be transmitted or acquired. While the virus itself can be prevented through exercise like using gym equipment from and diet, it is still important that you make yourself aware of how to keep it at bay.

How a Person Gets HIV?

The bodily fluids of an individual with a virus are where you can initially get HIV. These include the following:

  • Blood
  • Semen and pre-seminal fluid
  • Rectal fluids/anal mucous
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Breastmilk

For a person to catch HIV, these fluids have to be passed into the blood via mucous membrane; for example, the opening of the penis, lining of the vagina or through the rectum, it can also be shared by injecting equipment or via broken skin like sores or cuts in the mouth or even tears around the anal area. However as for other bodily fluids similar to sweat, urine or saliva, there’s not enough of the virus that it can be transmitted from one to the other.

Someone who has HIV and with undetectable viral load, which means effective treatment lowered the amount of the virus in the blood to a level where it can’t be detected by average blood test can’t pass on HIV. On the other hand, for someone who has detectable viral load, they may pass the virus to other people whether they are showing symptoms or not.

Common Scenarios HIV is Passed On

Basically, HIV is more infectious in its first few weeks of infection. At such time, a lot of people are not aware of their status. The primary channels that a person can acquire HIV are through the following:

  • Sex without the use of a condom
  • Unprotected sex with someone who has HIV
  • Sharing an injecting equipment
  • Sharing syringes, needles or any other equipment that’s used in preparing and injecting drugs with someone who has the virus
  • Passed from the mother to her baby during breastfeeding, childbirth and pregnancy
  • Contaminated blood transfusions as well as transplants of tissue/organ
  • Receiving blood products, blood transfusion or tissue/organ transplants that are contaminated with the virus

Though so long as safety practices are always put in place, the chance of transmitting HIV from one person to the other is very slim.